The Incidence of Anxiety and Depression in Physical Therapy Students: III. Methods

The Incidence of Anxiety and Depression in Physical Therapy Students: III. Methods

The test administrator was sent a list of instructions on the protocol of the study (see test administrator instruction sheet). The test administrator addressed the class and asked the students to participate in the study; making it known to the students that participation was not mandatory and that they had the right to decline at any time. It was also emphasized to the subjects prior to the administration of the test that the results of the HADS and other accompanying checklists (see appendix) were strictly confidential.  Since there were minimal psychological risks involved, anyone requiring counseling services was provided with contact numbers of their on-campus psychological services. First, the students signed an informed consent form. Once the consent forms were collected, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale Disclaimer (HADSD) was to be read aloud to the participating students.  The disclaimer stated:

The HADS and the other accompanying checklists are preliminary screening measures for depression and anxiety symptoms that do not replace in any way a formal psychological evaluation. They are designed to give a preliminary idea about the presence of mild to moderate depressive symptoms and anxiety that may indicate the need for an evaluation by a psychologist or psychiatrist.

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About the Author

Clare Lewis

Clare LewisClare Lewis graduated from the Professional School of Psychology in 2003 with her doctorate in clinical psychology and in 2005 with her doctorate in organizational psychology. She has been licensed as a clinical psychologist since 2012.  In addition to her psychology degrees, Clare is a licensed physical therapist with an advanced masters in orthopedic manual therapy and an transitional doctorate in physical therapy.  Clare is a certified manual therapist from the Stanley Paris Institute and a fellow of the American Association of Orthopedic and Manual Physical Therapists.  Clare has been a professor in the department of physical therapy at CSU Sacramento since 1996.  She has taught the psychology class and orthopedic class for majors for many years. She practices physical therapy at Remedy Rehab in Sacramento, CA doing orthopedic out-patient manual therapy and volunteers at the suicide hotline for Sacramento County.

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