Theory E²: Working with Entrepreneurs in Closely-Held Enterprises — I. Close to the Heart

Theory E²: Working with Entrepreneurs in Closely-Held Enterprises — I. Close to the Heart

7. Multiple and Unacknowledged Motives

There is a final issue that is commonly found among entrepreneurs who lead closely held enterprises. In many ways, this is the most important of the issues we have identified; yet, it is also often the most elusive and readily dismissed by busy, results-oriented entrepreneurs. This is the issue of motivation: Why is the entrepreneur engaged in this enterprise? Why does she put in so many hours doing this work? Why doesn’t she get a “real” job, working for someone else, so that there will be less pressure? Why does she care so deeply about the survival and ultimate success of this fledgling enterprise? As one of our clients recently noted: “I’m not sure why I work so hard and what I want to get out of this organization . . . Or maybe I do know, but don’t want to face the real reasons.”

This quotation suggests that not only is motivation an elusive issue, it is also an issue that can be threatening or even offensive for many entrepreneurs. One of our colleagues was working with a small group of men and women who serve as chief executives of niche nonprofit organizations. He asked them to identify what difference it would make if their organization went out of business tomorrow. Our colleague asked this question in order to help his clients identify the underlying reason for their good, hard work. The reaction he got to this question was stunning. The chief executives immediately reacted with great anger, indicating that they didn’t appreciate someone suggesting that their organization might be expendable or “worthless.” They have dedicated their lives to these closely held nonprofit enterprises and don’t want someone coming in to suggest that their enterprise could go away tomorrow. They asked our colleague to leave their meeting and never come back again! Clearly, these chief executives were highly motivated and committed to their work; but they all misunderstood what our colleague was asking and refused to explore their own motives.


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About the Author

William Bergquist

William BergquistWilliam Bergquist, Ph.D. An international coach and consultant, professor in the fields of psychology, management and public administration, author of more than 45 books, and president of a graduate school of psychology. Dr. Bergquist consults on and writes about personal, group, organizational and societal transitions and transformations. His published work ranges from the personal transitions of men and women in their 50s and the struggles of men and women in recovering from strokes to the experiences of freedom among the men and women of Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union. In recent years, Bergquist has focused on the processes of organizational coaching. He is coauthor with Agnes Mura of coachbook, co-founder of the International Journal of Coaching in Organizations and co-founder of the International Consortium for Coaching in Organizations. His graduate school (The Professional School of Psychology: offers Master and Doctoral degrees in both clinical and organizational psychology to mature, accomplished adults.

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