Organizational Consultation: An Appreciative Approach–II. First and Second Order Change

Organizational Consultation: An Appreciative Approach–II. First and Second Order Change

Second-order, revolutionary change represents a profound transformation in the person or institution—a paradigm shift. Because the change is abrupt, the motivation to begin the change and a sense of the direction that the change should take is usually not lost during the course of the change. Levels of stress, however, and resistance to this transformational change will be great. Typically, power and manipulation are required to bring about this type of change. Alternatively, one can adopt a strategy that involves careful movement between first and second order change between evolution and revolution. It is a real challenge to find this strategy of movement between first and second order change. An effective (and appreciative) consultant can be of great value in helping to guide this movement, as we will try to demonstrate throughout this series of essays.





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About the Author

William Bergquist

William BergquistWilliam Bergquist, Ph.D. An international coach and consultant, professor in the fields of psychology, management and public administration, author of more than 45 books, and president of a graduate school of psychology. Dr. Bergquist consults on and writes about personal, group, organizational and societal transitions and transformations. His published work ranges from the personal transitions of men and women in their 50s and the struggles of men and women in recovering from strokes to the experiences of freedom among the men and women of Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union. In recent years, Bergquist has focused on the processes of organizational coaching. He is coauthor with Agnes Mura of coachbook, co-founder of the International Journal of Coaching in Organizations and co-founder of the International Consortium for Coaching in Organizations. His graduate school (The Professional School of Psychology: offers Master and Doctoral degrees in both clinical and organizational psychology to mature, accomplished adults.

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