Free at Last: Challenges Facing Those Who Are “Liberated”

Free at Last: Challenges Facing Those Who Are “Liberated”

Beginning with the work of Erich Fromm, and perhaps that of many less visible social observers before him, the assumption has usually been made that freedom tends to induce anxiety. This may be a modern-day equation. Anxiety is induced when there is an ambiguous source of threat. With freedom come many new threats, whereas with authoritarianism there are fewer (but usually very clear) threats. When we become free, then, there is freedom from the specific authoritarian threat; however, we are now vulnerable to the new and unknown. Thus. we experience anxiety.

There is the sense that our colleagues in Hungary and Estonia had already experienced freedom from and now confront the challenge of freely deciding what they would do with their new freedom, the freedom to be and do something of their own choosing. They faced life on the edge, in limbo, at the threshold, while creating a new image of the future (Polak, 1972). As all of us approach the mid- twenty-first century, we create images of the future—whether we live in the United States, Estonian or Iran. As we accomplish or achieve each one, then that image of the future is “confiscated” and we must create a new image. In this sense, freedom is more a process than an end state.

I turn in the next set of essays to a much fuller exploration of these various issues regarding the nature of freedom, including the paths of escape and the illusions that shield us. I look at the ways in which Estonians have confronted their own challenge of freedom and have in turn begun to find routes to their own distinctive and ongoing sense of true freedom. I also turn again to the issue of freedom and the escape from freedom to be found elsewhere in the world—be it Israel, Libya, China or the United States.

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About the Author

William Bergquist

William BergquistWilliam Bergquist, Ph.D. An international coach and consultant, professor in the fields of psychology, management and public administration, author of more than 45 books, and president of a graduate school of psychology. Dr. Bergquist consults on and writes about personal, group, organizational and societal transitions and transformations. His published work ranges from the personal transitions of men and women in their 50s and the struggles of men and women in recovering from strokes to the experiences of freedom among the men and women of Eastern Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Union. In recent years, Bergquist has focused on the processes of organizational coaching. He is coauthor with Agnes Mura of coachbook, co-founder of the International Journal of Coaching in Organizations and co-founder of the International Consortium for Coaching in Organizations. His graduate school (The Professional School of Psychology: www.psychology.edu) offers Master and Doctoral degrees in both clinical and organizational psychology to mature, accomplished adults.

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